Dr. Usha Rani. R1*, Prof. Vijayalakshmi M2
1Principal, OBG Nsg Department, Swamy College of Nursing, Bangalore.
2Principal, Mental Health Nsg Department, Hillside College of Nursing, Bangalore.
Kangaroo mother care is a special way of caring newborns by skin to skin contact. It promotes their bodily condition and glowing being by efficient thermal control, breast feeding and bonding among mother and child. Objectives: The main aim of the study is to assess the knowledge of mothers of newborn regarding kangaroo mother care. Methods: The study was conducted by using descriptive research design. 30 subjects were selected by using convenient sampling technique. The structured knowledge questionnaire was administered and data were collected. Data analysis descriptive and inferential statistical technique was used. Results: The overall knowledge level were majority 27(90%) have inadequate knowledge and 3(10%) have moderate knowledge and none of them had adequate knowledge on benefits of kangaroo mother care. The findings reveal that mean knowledge of sample were found to be 34.1% only and standard deviation value was 4.81. Conclusion: The study which is helpful in an increasing the knowledge level of the mother of infant regarding kangaroo mother care.
Kangaroo mother care is the way of share an infant with skin to skin contact, prone and upright on the chest of the mother. Kangaroo mother care is started soon after the birth of the baby when it is stable. The baby should be contact with mother for twenty four hours. Kangaroo mother care helps the baby to put on weight, listen to the mother’s voice, heartbeat and suck the breast milk and sleep.6
Kangaroo mother care is effective and safe in alternative to the conventional methods of the neonatal care for low birth weight babies. If we introduced early and reduces risk of infection we can reduces the mortality rate. The major role of the nurse is to make possible the relationship between the mother and her infant; immediately following birth should be conductive to maternal-child bonding.7
NEED OF THE STUDY:
At present the mortality rate is 40% in India and Kangaroo mother care helps in weight gain and free from infection leads to decreasing mortality rate. Subsequently the mothers need to have an adequate knowledge about Kangaroo mother care. Hence the researcher wants to give information about Kangaroo mother care to the mothers of newborn and thereby tend to protect the health of their babies.11
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge about Benefits of Kangaroo Mother Care among Mothers of Newborn in Banasankari Referral Hospital, Bangalore
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
1. To assess the Knowledge of mother of newborn about kangaroo mother care.
2. To find an association between Knowledge of mothers of new born about kangaroo mother care with their selected demographic variables.
It means a study in which phenomena that describes that a relationship of knowledge about KMC with selected demographic variable is examined among mothers of newborns.
It refers to collecting information for assess their Knowledge about kangaroo mother care
In this study it refers to information that the mothers have regarding KMC and its benefit as evident from their gain in structured knowledge questionnaire rescore.
In this study it refers to gain in weight, bonding, improvement in sleep and thermoregulation by using KMC.
Kanagaroo mother care:
In this study it refers to the placement of newborn with a bare body in prone position on the bare chest of the mother at frequent intervals. During the treatment newborn back and head will be covered with the clothes of the mother or hospital cotton bed sheet.
In this study it refers to the period immediately succeeding birth and continuing through the first 28 days of extra uterine life.
Moters of Newborn:
In this study it refers to mothers who have the baby in the period of 1-28 days.
A survey research approach is used.
Descriptive research design is adopted.
Setting of the study:
Banashankari Referral Hospital at Bangalore.
Study population represents all the mothers of newborn within one week of delivery in Banashankari referral hospital, Bangalore.
Sample and sample size:
The sample of the study comprised of mother of newborns within 1 week of delivery in Bangalore.
In this study the sample size was 30mothers of newborns.
Convenient sampling technique was used for study.
Ø The mother who can read and respond kannada.
Ø Who are presented at the time of data collection.
Ø Those who cannot read and write kannada.
Ø Those who are not to participate in the study.
Ø Those who have medical illness.
Method of Data collection:
30 Subjects were selected by using convenient sampling technique. Prior to data collection self introduction was give and the purpose of the study was explained. The structured knowledge questionnaire was administered and data were collected. Each subject took 15 minutes to complete each interview.
Development of the tool:
The tools are prepared based on objective of the study. Structured knowledge questionnaire is to assess the knowledge regarding benefit of kangaroo mother care among mothers of newborn in Banashankari referral hospital, Bangalore.
Descripition of the tool:
After the extensive review of literature and discuss on with the guide, Structured knowledge questionnaire were developed to assess the knowledge regarding benefit of KMC among mothers of newborn. The tool consists of two sections;
v Demographic data: Age, Religion, Educational status, Monthly income, Number of pregnancies, Type of family, previous knowledge etc.
v Multiple choice questionnaires are prepared to assess the knowledge regarding benefit of kangaroo mother care among mothers of newborn.
Based on the percentage, the learning needs patients was arbitrarily categorized in the following groups:
Inadequate: <50 (below 14)
Moderately adequate: 50 to 75(15 to 22)
Adequate : >75(above 22)
STUDY FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION:
SECTION1: Socio demographic variables.
SECTION 2: Finding of respondents on knowledge level on benefits of KMC.
SECTION 3: Association between learning need score with selected demographic variables.
SECTION 4: Association of knowledge about benefits of kangaroo mother care among the mother of new born with selected demographic variables of the respondents.
SECTION 1: Demographic variable of benefit of kangaroo mother care among mothers of Newborn.
Ø The distribution of respondents by age were, majority of the sample 17 (56.67%) belongs to the age group of 21-25 years. Minimum 2(6.67%) belongs to the age group of >30 years, 4(13.33%) belongs to the age group 15-20 years and 7(23.33%) belongs to 26-30 years.
Ø The distribution of respondents by religion represents 24(80%) were Hindu, 3(10%) were Muslim, 2(6.67%) were Christian and 1(13.33%) were others.
Ø Educational Status of respondents shows 20(6.67%) were under graduate, 4(13.33%) were post Graduate, 2(6.66%) were graduate and 4(13.33%) were illiterate.
Ø Occupational status of respondents indicates 19(63.33%) were House wife, 3(10%) were health work, 3(10%) were government employee and 5(16.66%) belongs to others.
Ø The monthly income of respondents depicts 13(43.33%) were below 5000, 12(40%) were Rs 5000-8000, 4(13.33%) were Rs 8000-10000 and 1(3.33%) were below 10000.
Ø The distribution in respondents shows 15(50%) were primigravida and 15(50%) were multigravida.
Ø The distribution in respondents indicates 24(80%) belong to nuclear family and 6(20%) belong to joint family.
Ø The distribution in respondents represents 13(43.33%) have previous knowledge and 17(56.66%) dosen’t have previous knowledge.
SECTION 2: Finding of respondents on knowledge level on benefit of KMC.
The distribution of respondents on knowledge level were majority 27(90%) have inadequate knowledge and minority of 3(10%) have moderate knowledge on benefits of Kangaroo mother care. None of them have adequate Knowledge on benefits of Kangaroo Mother care. The findings reveal that mean knowledge of Sample were found to be 34.1% only and Standard deviation value was 4.81.
SECTION 3: Associated between knowledge score with selected demographic Variables.
There is no association found between learning need score of sample with selected demographic variables such as Religion (x2 = 3.217, p<0.05), Monthly income (x2=2.75,p<0.05), Type of family (x2=0.82,p<0.05) and Source of information (x2=0.134,p<0.05). There is a association found between learning need score of sample with selected variable such as Age (x2=116.41,p<0.05), Education Status (x2=26.42,p<0.05), occupational Status (x2=8.2 13.702,p<0.05), Number of Pregnancies (x2=5056,p<0.05).
The main aim of conducting the study was to improve the knowledge level of mothers of newborn regarding kangaroo mother care.
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Received on 18.04.2023 Modified on 12.05.2023
Accepted on 29.05.2023 ©A&V Publications All right reserved